The most common type of ammunition used in combat shotguns, whether for military or police purposes, is pellet, usually a 12-caliber shell of 70 mm (2 3/4 inch) loaded with hardened 900 caliber pellets, with a diameter of about 8.4 mm (8.4 mm) (. Military shotguns are an invaluable part of 21st century arsenals. As limited as the shotgun is, it can do things that traditional military firearms cannot. One of the most popular civilian firearms, the shotgun, also plays a role as a military weapon.
Originally designed as hunting weapons, many armies turn to shotguns for a variety of functions, such as hand-to-hand combat and obstacle gap. Although shotguns are too specialized to replace battle and assault rifles in infantry units, their usefulness will keep them in arsenals around the world for the foreseeable future. Shotguns are large caliber long guns designed for hunting fast moving birds and small game. To maximize impact potential, shotguns typically fire a cartridge full of metal shot.
Instead of a single bullet, shotguns eject small shot balls in a fixed pattern that covers a wider area. The most common shotguns, 12-caliber shotguns, have a barrel diameter of 18.5 millimeters (as opposed to the 5.56 millimeters of the M4A1 rifle) and carry one-twelfth the pound of bullet. Alternatively, instead of pellets, a shotgun can fire solid lead bullets. However, combat takes place in a variety of terrain and circumstances, some of which are quite suitable for shotguns.
One of the first cases of shotguns used in the war was the so-called “trench shotguns” used during the First World War. Shotguns could be fired along a narrow trench, each time he pulled the trigger it unleashed a hail of shots more likely to hit enemies than a single bullet from a bolt-action rifle. The army was the only major power to use shotguns in World War I, issuing a modified Winchester Model 1897, officially known as the Model 1917 Trench Shotgun. The Remington Model 12 and other commercially available shotguns were also delivered to the U.S.
Expeditionary Force. The German government denounced the use of shotguns as inhumane, stating: “The German government protests against the use of shotguns by the US military and draws attention to the fact that, under the law of war, the entire United States,. A prisoner of war who is in possession of such weapons or ammunition belonging to them loses his life. This protest is based on Article 23 (e) of the Hague Convention on the Laws and Customs of War on Land.
The Advocate General of the Acting Judge for the United States, S. The army denied the claims, stating that the shotgun was a legitimate weapon of war. Observers also noticed more than a little hypocrisy in Germany's complaints about shotguns during the same war in which it invented flamethrowers and poison gas. Troops captured with trench cannons never died.
The use of military shotguns during World War II was rare, mostly limited to the U.S. Forces fighting Japanese bunkers and land fortifications in the Pacific. A big advantage in the use of non-US shotguns came after World War II during the Malay Emergency, when British forces fought guerrilla warfare in the jungle with semi-automatic shotguns. The forces received small quantities of shotguns here and there in the Vietnam War, being the most common shotguns among clandestine reconnaissance teams.
Marine troops received the M1912 riot gun, a 12-caliber riot gun patterned after shotguns used to quell prison riots. Shotguns became increasingly common among U, S. Fight the troops at the end of the Cold War, while the threat of terrorism shifted combat to urban areas, aboard oil platforms, ships and planes. Shotguns were issued to special operations forces, ship crews, boarding groups and U, S.
Corps Fleet Counter-Terrorist Security Teams. The Army Delta Force deployed a cut-out pump-action shotgun placed under the barrel of an M16 pattern rifle. Nicknamed “the master key”, the shotgun was used as a breaking tool to fire solid bullets at close range against door locks. Today, shotguns are still part of US arsenals.
The Marine Corps ships both the Mossberg 500 series pump shotgun, the 590 series shotgun and the M1014 semi-automatic shotguns. Army, is replacing the Mossberg 500 series shotguns with the new M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun System, or MASS. A bolt-action magazine powered shotgun, the M26 can be used alone with a stock or clamped under the barrel of an M4 carbine. Even the German army has made a change in the face of shotguns, issuing the Remington 870 Police Magnum to airborne engineers and special operations troops.
The military shotgun can break through doors, destroy obstacles, trap prisoners of war, deploy tear gas and unleash a devastating pattern of lead shots with a single pull of the trigger. Until the day these missions disappear, shotguns are here to stay. Shotguns are useful when you want short range braking power or a high chance of a hit. They are also used when there is a need for intimidation or the application of specialized ammunition.
Shotguns are used for close range combat and are often used in cramped conditions. A combat shotgun doesn't need a long barrel. A combat shotgun probably won't need a barrel longer than 12-14 in length. Another questionable feature of the tube magazine is that it needs the gun to have a long barrel in order for the gun to have a useful ammunition capacity.
The two main anti-personnel bullets used with military shotguns are pellets or flechettes that resemble nails with fins. The Buckshot has a proven track record of effectiveness, but is short-range and unlikely to be effective against body armor. Flechette shells are said to have good long-range penetration and body armor, but I have seen doubts about their short-range characteristics and terminal effects. The M1014 has been successful for more than two decades.
The implementation of the M1014 is rare, but when it is needed, there is no better option. Marines do most things right, and the M1014 exemplifies that. Benelli, an Italian shotgun firm well known for its shotguns, presented its newly developed M4 shotgun. The initial World War I number with each shotgun was one hundred shotgun shells in commercial production paper case containing nine pellets of 00 pellets 0.33 inch (8.4 mm) in diameter.
A handy shotgun shooter once explained to me that the shotgun cartridge is, in fact, one of the worst proportioned cartridges for use in a tube magazine. If a shotgun is desired, I suggest a compact shotgun that can be mounted under the barrel of a rifle using a Picantinny rail or the intermediate bar used for the improved M203 product. The German government denounced the use of shotguns as inhumane, stating: “The German government protests against the use of shotguns by the US Army and draws attention to the fact that under the law of war, every U. .